Coherency weighting—an effective approach to the suppression of long leg multiples
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 27, No 1, March 1979 pp. 29 - 39
Info: Article, PDF ( 1.17Mb )
Long leg multiples can be suppressed by a method which provides an alternative to weighted common-depth-point stacking and multichannel stacking filtering. The suppression is achieved by coherency weighting whereby the time-dependent weighting factor decreases as the semblance of the multiple reflections increases.
The algorithm of the method is described. Its efficiency is discussed in relation to the input data and results of its application to marine seismic data are presented.
For practical application, the stacking velocity of the multiples has to be known. As the process is based on stacking velocities, different types of multiples can be handled, for instance water-bottom multiples or internal multiples. The parameter analysis shows that the degree of multiple suppression can easily be controlled by adapting the parameters of the procedure to the field conditions.
During the suppression of multiples, the primaries are saved according to the moveout differences between the two. The non-linear behaviour of the process causes signal suppression and distortion effects, which have to be corrected by AGC normalization and low-pass filtering.
Among the various applications available, only the suppression of long leg water-bottom multiples is treated here. The results show that their suppression on the basis of moveout differences is efficient even when standard length streamers are used in regions with water depth of up to 1500 m and more, if the stacking velocity of the primaries is about 10 to 20% higher than that of the multiples. Even if those parts of the primaries which are masked by the multiples are suppressed in the individual common-depth-point gathers by the procedure, the remaining primaries in the AGV stacked section are largely uncovered by the multiple suppression.