Frequency-dependent complex resistivity of rock-salt samples and related petrophysical parameters
J. M. Kulenkampff and U. Yaramanci
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 41, No 8, November 1993 pp. 995 - 1008
Info: Article, PDF ( 707.5Kb )
The presence of water is one of the main concerns of nuclear waste disposal in rock-salt. It can be investigated using electrical properties of the rock. Laboratory measurements of frequency-dependent resistivity and other petrophysical parameters, such as porosity, water content, and specific internal surface area, have been carried out on rock-salt from the Asse mine in Germany, in order to obtain characteristic resistivity responses for the evaluation of geoelectric field methods and to develop new methods for the estimation of the water content and saturation. The laboratory method, on a.c. half-bridge for very high impedances, allows measurements of the resistivity spectrum of rock-salt in the frequency range from 15 Hz to 10 kHz. The saturation of the samples was varied artificially and was approximately 5%, 10%, 20% and 100%.
The porosity varies between 0.1% and 0.5%, the water content is approximately 0.05% or less, and the initial saturation is less than 50%. The resistivity ranges from 10 MΩm at the initial saturation down to 1 kΩm for fully saturated samples. In the low-frequency range up to 100 Hz, an Archie-type relationship may be used to estimate the water content of the rock-salt from resistivity measurements. The Archie exponent m is found to be approximately 2.
The resistivity is observed to be strongly dependent on frequency. The resistivity decreases with increasing frequency, with a greater decrease for small saturations and vanishing frequency dependence at complete saturation. The relative dielectric constant was found to be 6 ± 1. Saturation dependence was not observed within this error range.
The measurements imply that, by measuring resistivity in rock-salt, estimations of water content and saturation, and thus the porosity, can be made in situ. This is particularly important for the safety of nuclear waste disposal in rock-salt.