Long period statics determination by inverse filtering
D. J. Kirkham and E. Poggiagliolmi
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 24, No 4, December 1976 pp. 737 - 755
Info: Article, PDF ( 1.58Mb )
The relative time shift of CDP reflections, caused by long period statics, is treated as the result of a filtering process. The shape of the filter is that of a comb having the magnitude and spacing of its teeth determined by the CDP spread geometry. Convolution of a near surface anomaly with a comb filter representing the CDP spread geometry produces the same time fluctuations at CDP reflections (CDP statics) as the stacked traces across the anomaly. Conversely, the near surface time anomaly is given by the convolution of the CDP statics with the inverse of the comb filter. Provided that CDP statics can be separated from noise, dip, and residual normal moveout, it is pcissible to determine long period statics with a relative wavelength of between half a spreadlength and five spreadlengths.
The object of this paper is to present the theory and practical applications of the method. Several examples based on synthetic and real data will also be discussed.