Integrated interpretation of marine engineering geological and geophysical data on the principles of expert system technology
E. V. Kovalevsky and V. I. Kharchenko
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 40, No 8, November 1992 pp. 909 - 923
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We describe an approach to the construction of an engineering geological expert system for identification of sub-bottom soils in accordance with some predefined nomenclature. The following principles of integrated interpretation of engineering geophysical and geotechnical data are presented: Firstly, the transformation of physical data (compressional- and shear-wave velocities, compressional-wave attenuation coefficients, electrical conductivity, etc.) for each of the medium points into subjective probabilities for the soil belonging to each type listed in the nomenclature, and secondly, the extrapolation of local geotechnical data (primarily drilling data) to the surrounding space by means of diffusion of the initial membership function distribution, resulting in the same set of probabilities for soil types at each point in the medium under consideration. Aggregation of the fuzzy information obtained, sufficient for reaching a conclusion for most points in the medium, is carried out by means of Bayesian summation. An example is given of integrated interpretation of real data obtained from four different sources (compressional- and shear-wave velocity sections Vp(x, z) and Vs(x, z), and two boreholes) related to the same profile.