Wave field extrapolation techniques for inhomogeneous media which include critical angle events. Part I: methods using the one-way wave equations
C. P. A. Wapenaar and A. J. Berkhout
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 33, No 8, December 1985 pp. 1138 - 1159
Info: Article, PDF ( 896.78Kb )
Part I of this series starts with a brief review of the fundamental principles underlying wave field extrapolation. Next, the total wave field is split into downgoing and upgoing waves, described by a set of coupled one-way wave equations. In cases of limited propagation angles and weak inhomogeneities these one-way wave equations can be decoupled, describing primary waves only. For large propagation angles (up to and including 90°) an alternative choice of sub-division into downgoing and upgoing waves is presented. It is shown that this approach is well suited for modeling as well as migration and inversion schemes for seismic data which include critical angle events.