A frequency domain approach to two-dimensional migration
G. Bolondi, F. Rocca and S. Savelli
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 26, No 4, December 1978 pp. 750 - 772
Info: Article, PDF ( 1.47Mb )
The problem of the propagation of acoustic waves in a two-dimensional layered medium can be easily solved in the frequency domain if the Dix approximation is used, i.e. when only the primary reflections are considered. The migrated data at a depth z are obtained by convolving the time section with a proper two-dimensional operator dependent on z. The same result can be obtained by multiplying their two-dimensional spectra and summing for all the values of the temporal frequency.
The aspect of the operator in the time-space domain has the classic hyperbolic structure together with the prescribed temporal and spatial decay.
The main advantages of the frequency domain approach consist in the noticeable computer time savings and in the better approximation. On the other hand lateral velocity variations are very difficult to be taken into account. This can be done if a space variant filter is used in the time-space domain.
To reduce computer time, this filter has to be recursive; the problem has been solved by Claerbout by transforming the hyperbolic partial differential equation into a parabolic one, and using the latter to generate the recursion operator.
In the presentation a method is given for the generation of recursive filters with a better phase characteristics that have a pulse response with the requested hyperbolic shape instead of the parabocli one. This allows a better migration of steeper dips.