On the role of partial ray expansion in the computation of ray synthetic seismograms for layered structures
J. D. Covey, F. Hron and K. L. Peacock
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 37, No 8, November 1989 pp. 907 - 923
Info: Article, PDF ( 880.52Kb )
This paper presents results of testing an efficient ray generation scheme needed whenever ray synthetic seismograms are to be computed for layered models with more than 10‘ thick’layers. Our ray generation algorithm is based on the concept of kinematically equivalent waves (the kinematic analogs) having identical traveltimes along different ray-paths between the source and the receiver, both located on the surface of the model. These waves, existing in any medium composed of laterally homogeneous parallel layers, interfere at any location along the recording surface, thereby producing a composite wavelet whose amplitude and shape depend directly on the number of kinematic analogs (the multiplicity factor). Hence, explicit knowledge of the multiplicity factor is crucial for any analysis based on the amplitude and shape of individual wavelets, such as wavelet shaping, Q estimation, or linearized wavelet inversion.
For unconverted waves, such as those discussed in this paper, the multiplicity factor can be computed analytically using formulae given in the Appendix; for converted waves, the multiplicity factor should be computed numerically, using the algorithm employed for the computation of the seismograms presented in a previous paper by one of the authors.