Elastic full waveform inversion of multi-component OBC seismic data
T.J. Sears, S.C. Singh and P.J. Barton
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 56, No 6, November 2008 pp. 843 - 862
Special topic: Towards a Full Waveform Inversion
Info: Article, PDF ( 3.21Mb )
Elastic full waveform inversion of seismic reflection data represents a data-driven form of analysis leading to quantification of sub-surface parameters in depth. In previous studies attention has been given to P-wave data recorded in the marine environment, using either acoustic or elastic inversion schemes. In this paper we exploit both P-waves and mode-converted S-waves in the marine environment in the inversion for both P- and S-wave velocities by using wide-angle, multi-component, ocean-bottom cable seismic data. An elastic waveform inversion scheme operating in the time domain was used, allowing accurate modelling of the full wavefield, including the elastic amplitude variation with offset response of reflected arrivals and mode-converted events. A series of one- and two-dimensional synthetic examples are presented, demonstrating the ability to invert for and thereby to quantify both P- and S-wave velocities for different velocity models. In particular, for more realistic low velocity models, including a typically soft seabed, an effective strategy for inversion is proposed to exploit both P- and mode-converted PS-waves. Whilst P-wave events are exploited for inversion for P-wave velocity, examples show the contribution of both P- and PS-waves to the successful recovery of S-wave velocity.