Thematic Set: Sequence stratigraphy: common ground after three decades of development
O. Catuneanu, J.P. Bhattacharya, M.D. Blum, R.W. Dalrymple, P.G. Eriksson, C.R. Fielding, W.L. Fisher, W.E. Galloway, P. Gianolla, M.R. Gibling, K.A. Giles, J.M. Holbrook, R. Jordan, C.G.St.C. Kendall, B. Macurda, O.J. Martinsen, A.D. Miall, D. Nummedal, H.W. Posamentier, B.R. Pratt, K.W. Shanley, R.J. Steel, A. Strasser and M.E. Tucker
Journal name: First Break
Issue: Vol 28, No 1, January 2010 pp. 41 - 54
Info: Article, PDF ( 1.39Mb )
Price: € 30
Sequence stratigraphy emphasizes changes in stratal stacking patterns in response to varying accommodation and sediment supply through time. Certain surfaces are designated as sequence or systems tract boundaries to facilitate the construction of realistic and meaningful palaeogeographic interpretations, which, in turn, allows for the prediction of facies and lithologies away from control points. Precisely which surfaces are selected as sequence boundaries varies from one sequence stratigraphic approach to another. In practice, the selection is often a function of which surfaces are best expressed, and mapped, within the context of each case study. This high degree of variability in the expression of sequence stratigraphic units and bounding surfaces requires the adoption of a methodology that is sufficiently flexible to accommodate the wide range of possible scenarios in the rock record. We advocate a model-independent methodology that requires the identification of all sequence stratigraphic units and bounding surfaces, which can be delineated on the basis of facies relationships and stratal stacking patterns using the available data. Construction of this framework ensures the success of the method in terms of its objectives to provide a process-based understanding of the stratigraphic architecture and predict the distribution of reservoir, source-rock, and seal facies.