Horizontal Simulation Grids as Alternative to Structure-based Grids for Thin Oil-zone Problems
Event name: ECMOR XII - 12th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery
Session: Grid Generation and Discretization Schemes II
Publication date: 06 September 2010
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 581.15Kb )
Price: € 20
As a general rule, the layering in reservoir simulation grids is based on the geology, e.g. structure tops. In this paper we investigate the alternative of using horizontal layers, where the link to the geology model is by the representation of the petrophysics alone. The obvious drawback is the failure to honor the structure in the grid geometry. On the other hand a horizontal grid will honor the initial fluid contacts perfectly, and horizontal wells can also be accurately represented. Both these issues are vital in thin oil-zone problems, where horizontal grids may hence be a viable alternative. To investigate this question, a number of equivalent simulation models were built for a segment of the Troll Field, both geology-based and horizontal, and various combinations of these. In the paper it is demonstrated that the horizontal grid is able to capture the essentials of fluid flow with the same degree of accuracy as the geology-based grid, and near-well flow is considerably more accurate. For grids of comparable resolution, more reliable results were obtained by a horizontal grid than a geo-grid. A geo-grid with local grid refinement and a horizontal grid produced almost identical results, but the ratio of computing times was more than 20 in favor of the horizontal grid. In the one-phase regions of the reservoir, relatively coarse cells can be used without significant loss of accuracy.