Fissure Detection in Flood Embankments using Electrical Resistivity Tomography
G. Jones, P. Sentenac and M. Zielinski
Event name: Near Surface Geoscience 2012 – 18th European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics
Session: Civil and Geotechnical Engineering II
Publication date: 03 September 2012
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 836.08Kb )
Price: € 20
Fissures forming due to desiccation in clayey soils have been shown as a potential source of embankment failure during overtopping. Current methods of visually identifying fissures in flood embankments are inadequate particularly when faced with dense vegetation. The extent of fissuring cannot be discovered without the use of trenching, which is costly and destructive to the embankment structure. Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) offers a non-invasive method for appraising the embankment structure. The presented study compares the use of a survey using ERT on the Thorngumbald embankment, near Kingston Upon Hull, UK, with previous laboratory studies on scale models using miniature resistivity arrays. Large scale scans across the slopes of the embankment showed areas of confirmed fissuring, while miniature arrays were used to fully map the fissures in the subsurface. The positions of surface fissures matched with those resolved from the resistivity data and the results compare favorably with those achieved in the laboratory. Additionally scans were taken across the embankment revealing serious fissuring on the landward face, the side most affected by heavy vegetation.