Natural subsidence of the Venice area during the last 60 Myr
C. Barbieri, A. Di Giulio, F. Massari, A. Asioli, M. Bonato and N. Mancin
Journal name: Basin Research
Issue: Vol 19, No 1, January 2007 pp. 105 - 123
Info: Article, PDF ( 758.75Kb )
Integrated geohistory analysis performed on high-resolution stratigraphy of Venezia 1 and Lido 1 wells (Quaternary-Pliocene interval) and low-resolution stratigraphy of a simulated well extending Lido 1 down to the base of Cenozoic (Palaeocene-Miocene interval) is used to reconstruct the interplay between subsidence and sedimentation that occurred in the Venice area (eastern Po Plain) during the last 60Myr, and to discuss the relationships between calculated subsidence rates and time resolution of stratigraphic data. Both subsidence and sedimentation are mostly related to the tectonic evolution of the belts that surround the Venice basin, influencing the lithosphere vertical motions and the input of clastic sediments through time. In particular, two subsidence phases are recorded between 40-33.5 and 32.5-24Myr (0.13 and 0.14mmyear-1, respectively), coeval with tectonic phases in the Dinaric belt. Vice versa, during the main South-Alpine orogenic phase (middle-late Miocene), quiescence or little uplift ( 0.03mmyear-1) reflects the location of the Venice area close to the peripheral bulge of the South-Alpine foreland system. Early Pliocene evolution is characterised by a number of subsidence/uplift events, among which two uplifts occurred between 5-4.5 and 3-2.2Myr (at 0.4 and 0.2mmyear-1, respectively) and can be correlated with tectonic motions in the Apennines. During the last million years, the Venice area was initially characterised by uplift ( 0.6mmyear-1 rising to 1.5mmyear-1 between 0.4 and 0.38Myr), eventually replaced by subsidence at a rate ranging between 1.6 and 1.0mm year-1 up to 0.12Myr and then decreased to 0.4 mmyear-1, as an average, up to present. Our results highlight that time resolution of the stratigraphic dataset deeply influences the order of magnitude obtained for the calculated subsidence rate. This is because subsidence seems to have worked through short-lived peaks (in the order of 105 years), alternating with long relatively quiescent intervals. This suggests caution when components of subsidence are deduced by subtracting long-term to short-term subsidence rate.