Mitigation of the 3D Cross-line Acquisition Footprint Using Separated Wavefield Imaging of Dual-sensor Streamer Seismic
A.S. Long, S. Lu, D. Whitmore, H. LeGleut, R. Jones, N. Chemingui and M. Farouki
Event name: 75th EAGE Conference & Exhibition incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2013
Session: Advances in Near Surface Geophysics to Assist Hydrocarbon Prospecting
Publication date: 10 June 2013
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 1.66Mb )
Price: € 20
A modified one-way equation pre-stack depth migration of up-going and down-going pressure wavefields was applied to two datasets derived from 3D towed dual-sensor streamer data in offshore Australia and Malaysia. The primary objective was to mitigate the well-known cross-line acquisition footprint effects upon shallow data quality and interpretability. The new methodology introduced here exploits the illumination corresponding to surface multiple energy, and thus exploits what has historically been treated by the seismic industry as unwanted noise. Whereas a strong cross-line acquisition footprint affected the very shallow 3D data using conventional processing and imaging, the new results yield spectacular continuous high resolution seismic images, even up to, and including the water bottom. One implication of these results is that very wide-tow survey efficiency can be achieved without compromising shallow data quality if dual-sensor streamer acquisition and processing is used, even in very shallow water areas such as that discussed here. The imaging methodology can account for all degrees of lateral variability in the velocity model, full anisotropy, and angle gathers can be created to assist with velocity model building.