Quantitative geophysical pore-type characterization and its geological implication in carbonate reservoirs
L. Zhao, M. Nasser and D.-h. Han
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 61, No 4, July 2013 pp. 827 - 841
Info: Article, PDF ( 1.3Mb )
This paper discusses and addresses two questions in carbonate reservoir characterization: how to characterize pore-type distribution quantitatively from well observations and seismic data based on geologic understanding of the reservoir and what geological implications stand behind the pore-type distribution in carbonate reservoirs. To answer these questions, three geophysical pore types (reference pores, stiff pores and cracks) are defined to represent the average elastic effective properties of complex pore structures. The variability of elastic properties in carbonates can be quantified using a rock physics scheme associated with different volume fractions of geophysical pore types. We also explore the likely geological processes in carbonates based on the proposed rock physics template. The pore-type inversion result from well log data fits well with the pore geometry revealed by a FMI log and core information. Furthermore, the S-wave prediction based on the pore-type inversion result also shows better agreement than the Greensberg-Castagna relationship, suggesting the potential of this rock physics scheme to characterize the porosity heterogeneity in carbonate reservoirs. We also apply an inversion technique to quantitatively map the geophysical pore-type distribution from a 2D seismic data set in a carbonate reservoir offshore Brazil. The spatial distributions of the geophysical pore type contain clues about the geological history that overprinted these rocks. Therefore, we analyse how the likely geological processes redistribute pore space of the reservoir rock from the initial depositional porosity and in turn how they impact the reservoir quality.