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Thermal Simulation of CO2 Storage with Generalized Cubic Equation of StateNormal access

Authors: I. Aavatsmark, B.K. Kometa and S.E. Gasda
Event name: ECMOR XIV - 14th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery
Session: Thermal and Heavy Oil Methods
Publication date: 08 September 2014
DOI: 10.3997/2214-4609.20141848
Organisations: EAGE
Language: English
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 711.22Kb )
Price: € 20

Relationships between pressure, temperature and density are generally described by an equation of state. For CO2, the Span-Wagner equation is generally assumed to give the best fit to measured data. The high accuracy of this equation does not come without a cost. Therefore, this equation of state is mostly used as a reference for comparisons with other formulations. In reservoir simulations, cubic equations of state such as the Peng-Robinson and the Soave-Redlich-Kwong equations are widely used. They are fairly accurate, and computation of the solution is fast. In this paper, a generalized cubic equation of state is introduced. This equation is computationally precisely as efficient as the traditional equations of state. With the generalized equation of state, improved approximations of the density of CO2 in predefined temperature-pressure domains may be obtained. The parameters of the generalized cubic equation of state are determined through comparison with the Span-Wagner equation. We show applications of the generalized cubic equation of state for different temperature-pressure domains. When compared with the Peng-Robinson equation, the root mean square density deviation is reduced by a factor 2 for domains containing the critical point, and a facto 7 for supercritical domains. Similarly, thermal simulations with the generalized cubic equation of state show large improvements in density and improvements in saturation close to the CO2 front.

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