Automatic Generation of Groundwater Model Hydrostratigraphy from AEM Resistivity and Boreholes
P.A. Marker, N. Foged, A.V. Christiansen, E. Auken and P. Bauer-Gottwein
Event name: Near Surface Geoscience 2014 - 20th European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics
Session: Hydrogeophysics I
Publication date: 08 September 2014
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Regional hydrological models are important tools in water resources management. Model prediction uncertainty is primarily due to structural (geological) non-uniqueness which makes sampling of the structural model space necessary to estimate prediction uncertainties. Geological structures and heterogeneity, which spatially scarce borehole lithology data may overlook, are well resolved in AEM surveys. This study presents a semi-automatic sequential hydrogeophysical inversion method for the integration of AEM and borehole data into regional groundwater models in sedimentary areas, where sand/clay distribution govern groundwater flow. The coupling between hydrological and geophysical parameters is managed using a translator function with spatially variable parameters followed by a 3D zonation. The translator function translates geophysical resistivities into clay fractions and is calibrated with observed lithological data. Principal components are computed for the translated clay fractions and geophysical resistivities. Zonation is carried out by k-means clustering on the principal components. The hydraulic parameters of the zones are determined in a hydrological model calibration using head and discharge observations. The method was applied to field data collected at a Danish field site. Our results show that a competitive hydrological model can be constructed from the AEM dataset using the automatic procedure outlined above.