A Lifted l1/l2 Constraint for Sparse Blind Deconvolution
E. Esser, T. Lin, R. Wang and F.J. Herrmann
Event name: 77th EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2015
Session: Transforms in Seismic Signal Processing
Publication date: 01 June 2015
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 1.07Mb )
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We propose a modification to a sparsity constraint based on the ratio of l1 and l2 norms for solving blind seismic deconvolution problems in which the data consist of linear convolutions of different sparse reflectivities with the same source wavelet. We also extend the approach to the Estimation of Primaries by Sparse Inversion (EPSI) model, which includes surface related multiples. Minimizing the ratio of l1 and l2 norms has been previously shown to promote sparsity in a variety of applications including blind deconvolution. Most existing implementations are heuristic or require smoothing the l1/l2 penalty. Lifted versions of l1/l2 constraints have also been proposed but are challenging to implement. Inspired by the lifting approach, we propose to split the sparse signals into positive and negative components and apply an l1/l2 constraint to the difference, thereby obtaining a constraint that is easy to implement without smoothing the l1 or l2 norms. We show that a method of multipliers implementation of the resulting model can recover source wavelets that are not necessarily minimum phase and approximately reconstruct the sparse reflectivities. Numerical experiments demonstrate robustness to the initialization as well as to noise in the data.