Process-based Modelling of Sediment Distribution in Fluvial Crevasse Splays Validated by Outcrop Data
A.B. Sandén, M.E. Donselaar, J.E.A. Storms, K.A. van Toorenenburg, H. van der Vegt and G.J. Weltje
Event name: Second Conference on Forward Modelling of Sedimentary Systems
Session: Poster Introductions
Publication date: 25 April 2016
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 587.94Kb )
Price: € 20
Exploitation of unconventional resources could prolong the gas production in the North Sea. Low-net-to-gross fluvial intervals may have tough-gas reservoir potential in thin-bedded crevasse splays.To assess economic risks associated to the development of these reservoirs, a numerical model can help to predict the sediment distribution. To this end, simulations were conducted with Delft3D process-based modelling software. Input parameters and the validation data sets for these models are derived from outcrop studies in the present-day Río Colorado fluvial system in the Altiplano Basin, Bolivia. The grain-size trends of the simulated surface sediments for a single flood event show a trend which is consistent with the validation data. For example, grain-size decreases with increasing distance from the channel, which is in line with the physical concept of decreasing sediment size for decreasing flow energy. This shows that numerical models can be used to support sediment trends and depositional mechanisms of a crevasse splay. The combination of numerical models and discrete field data provides a solid case for sediment distribution predications. However, simulations still have a limited accuracy.