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Bridging Pore and Macroscopic Scale - Scanning SAXS-WAXS Microscopy Applied to ShalesNormal access

Authors: L.D. Leu, A. Georgiadis, M.J. Blunt, A. Busch, M. Liebi, A. Menzel, P. Bertier, K. Schweinar and H. Ott
Event name: Fifth EAGE Shale Workshop
Session: Shale Characterization I
Publication date: 02 May 2016
DOI: 10.3997/2214-4609.201600392
Organisations: EAGE
Language: English
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 849.37Kb )
Price: € 20

The determination of fabric and pore structure of shales remains a challenging task which is mainly due to the wide range of pore sizes (and shapes) ranging from molecular dimensions to microns. High resolution imaging techniques fail to provide information over representative regions of interest, while more conventional characterization techniques may only assess volume averaged properties of the pore systems. Thus, open questions remain regarding the effects of the multi-scale pore network of shales in the retention and transport of hydrocarbons during unconventional production processes. We apply scanning small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS and WAXS) microscopy to obtain averaged but detailed information from the micro- and meso-pore structures of shales. By combining SAXS/WAXS with raster-scanning microscopy, we obtain local scattering information from 1-100 nm-size pores in micrometer-size volumes over a large (2 x 2) mm2 scanning area. We derive porosity, pore size distribution and orientation, as well as mineralogy of specially prepared thin section samples, covering length scale ranges of nm to sub-microns and from microns to millimeters, with a gap that can potentially be closed The method further enables the linking of porosity to shale matrix components, which is integrated in a multi-scale imaging workflow involving μCT, and SEM/EDX analysis, aimed at allowing for the full pore network characterization of shales.

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