Focusing on Soil Foundation Heterogeneity through High-resolution Tomography
M. Cercato and G. De Donno
Event name: Near Surface Geoscience 2016 - 22nd European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics
Session: Engineering Geology and Geotechnical Investigations III
Publication date: 04 September 2016
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 1.51Mb )
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An historical building affected by differential settlements, which were triggered by an earthquake, is investigated by means of high-resolution tomography, both electrical and seismic. The objective is to image the geometric structure of the shallow soil below the building and to characterize its stiffness at low strain. A preliminary reconstruction of the geological units has been recovered through the combined use of electrical and seismic data, where the depth of the travertine bedrock varies significantly within the study site. The range of variation of the main geophysical parameters (resistivity, P- and S-wave velocities) inferred from these models has been set as reference point for tuning the results obtained from the geophysical survey performed near the building. The inverted tomographic models obtained from data acquired alongside the building exhibit heterogeneity of the shallow subsoil, which is partly founded on a weathered layer and partly on a more rigid lithotype, probably a fractured travertine or a gravel layer. Therefore the fill anthropic soils can play a relevant role for the structural stability in case of shallow foundations built on a heterogeneous subsoil.