Multistep inversion workflow for 3D long-offset damped elastic waves in the Fourier domain
P.V. Petrov and G.A. Newman
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 65, No 5, September 2017 pp. 1277 - 1292
Info: Article, PDF ( 12.68Mb )
We present a new workflow for imaging damped three-dimensional elastic wavefields in the Fourier domain. The workflow employs a multiscale imaging approach, in which offset lengths are laddered, where frequency content and damping of the data are changed cyclically. Thus, the inversion process is launched using short-offset and low-frequency data to recover the long spatial wavelength of the image at a shallow depth. Increasing frequency and offset length leads to the recovery of the fine-scale features of the model at greater depths. For the fixed offset, we employ (in the imaging process) a few discrete frequencies with a set of Laplace damping parameters. The forward problem is solved with a finite-difference frequency-domain method based on a massively parallel iterative solver. The inversion code is based upon the solution of a least squares optimisation problem and is solved using a nonlinear gradient method. It is fully parallelised for distributed memory computational platforms. Our full-waveform inversion workflow is applied to the 3D Marmousi-2 and SEG/EAGE Salt models with long-offset data. The maximum inverted frequencies are 6 Hz for the Marmousi model and 2 Hz for the SEG/EAGE Salt model. The detailed structures are imaged successfully up to the depth approximately equal to one-third of the maximum offset length at a resolution consistent with the inverted frequencies.