Frequency- and angle-dependent poroelastic seismic analysis for highly attenuating reservoirs
L. Zhao, Q. Yao, D.-H. Han, R. Zhou, J. Geng and H. Li
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 65, No 6, November 2017 pp. 1630 - 1648
Info: Article, PDF ( 12.52Mb )
We extend the frequency- and angle-dependent poroelastic reflectivity to systematically analyse the characteristic of seismic waveforms for highly attenuating reservoir rocks. It is found that the mesoscopic fluid pressure diffusion can significantly affect the root-mean-square amplitude, frequency content, and phase signatures of seismic waveforms.Weloosely group the seismic amplitude-versus-angle and -frequency characteristics into three classes under different geological circumstances: (i) for Class-I amplitude-versus-angle and -frequency, which corresponds to well-compacted reservoirs having Class-I amplitude-versus-offset characteristic, the root-mean-square amplitude at near offset is boosted at high frequency, whereas seismic energy at far offset is concentrated at low frequency; (ii) for Class-II amplitude-versus-angle and -frequency, which corresponds to moderately compacted reservoirs having Class-II amplitude-versus-offset characteristic, the weak seismic amplitude might exhibit a phase-reversal trend, hence distorting both the seismic waveform and energy distribution; (iii) for Class-III amplitude-versus-angle and -frequency, which corresponds to unconsolidated reservoir having Class-III amplitude-versus-offset characteristic, the mesoscopic fluid flow does not exercise an appreciable effect on the seismic waveforms, but there exists a non-negligible amplitude decay compared with the elastic seismic responses based on the Zoeppritz equation.