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Diffraction Modeling and Imaging of Sand InjectitesNormal access

Authors: M.A. Pelissier, D. Brethaut, R.L. Hartstra, M. Jaya and T.J. Moser
Event name: 80th EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2018
Session: Diffraction Modelling and Imaging
Publication date: 11 June 2018
DOI: 10.3997/2214-4609.201800632
Organisations: EAGE
Language: English
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 1.86Mb )
Price: € 20

Summary:
In this paper we use a conceptual model to investigate the diffraction response of sand injectites. Unlike conventional seismic attributes derived from a migrated image using a local averaging process, the diffraction image provides the full resolution of the wavefield. We model a dike representing a typical injectite wing. This is of particular interest due to the advantage in illumination provided by diffraction over reflection for the steep flanks of the dike. We show that the model produces three type of diffraction response. These are associated with the host rock reflector terminations, with discontinuities in reflectivity along the flanks of the dike due to layering of the host rock, and with the pinchout of the dike. In each case the diffraction response is the resultant of a pair of edge diffractors, and the interference of the imaged diffractors depends on the geometry of the injectite. These results illustrate the potential for diffraction imaging to provide additional resolution of injectite geometries.


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