Slowness domain offset and traveltime approximations in layered vertical transversely isotropic media
Z. Koren and I. Ravve
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 66, No 6, July 2018 pp. 1070 - 1096
DOI: doi: 10.1111/1365-2478.12626
Info: Article, PDF ( 32.96Mb )
Considering horizontally layered transversely isotropic media with vertical symmetry axis and all types of pure-mode and converted waves we present a new wide-angle series approximation for the kinematical characteristics of reflected waves: horizontal offset, intercept time, and total reflection traveltime as functions of horizontal slowness. The method is based on combining (gluing) both zero-offset and (large) finiteoffset series coefficients. The horizontal slowness is bounded by the critical value, characterised by nearly horizontal propagation within the layer with the highest horizontal velocity. The suggested approximation uses five parameters to approximate the offset, six parameters to approximate the intercept time or the traveltime, and seven parameters to approximate any two or all three kinematical characteristics. Overall, the method is very accurate for pure-mode compressional waves and shear waves polarised in the horizontal plane and for converted waves. The application of the method to pure-mode shear waves polarised in the vertical plane is limited due to cusps and triplications. To demonstrate the high accuracy of the method, we consider a synthetic, multi-layer model, and we plot the normalised errors with respect to numerical ray tracing.