Correlation-based reflection waveform inversion by one-way wave equations
L. Dong, Z. Fan, H. Wang, B. Chi and Y. Liu
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 66, No 8, October 2018 pp. 1503 - 1520
Info: Article, PDF ( 15.9Mb )
Reflection full waveform inversion can update subsurface velocity structure of the deeper part, but tends to get stuck in the local minima associated with the waveform misfit function. These local minima cause cycle skipping if the initial background velocity model is far from the true model. Since conventional reflection full waveform inversion using two-way wave equation in time domain is computationally expensive and consumes a large amount of memory, we implement a correlation-based reflection waveform inversion using one-way wave equations to retrieve the background velocity. In this method, one-way wave equations are used for the seismic wave forward modelling, migration/de-migration and the gradient computation of objective function in frequency domain. Compared with the method using two-way wave equation, the proposed method benefits from the lower computational cost of one-way wave equations without significant accuracy reduction in the cases without steep dips. It also largely reduces the memory requirement by an order of magnitude than implementation using two-way wave equation both for two- and three-dimensional situations. Through numerical analysis, we also find that one-way wave equations can better construct the low wavenumber reflection wavepath without producing high-amplitude short-wavelength components near the image points in the reflection full waveform inversion gradient. Synthetic test and real data application show that the proposed method efficiently updates the background velocity model.